Causes of Obesity

Causes of Obesity
Causes of Obesity
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What is obesity and what causes it?

Obesity is a medical condition that occurs when a person carries excess weight or body fat that can affect their health. A doctor will usually recommend that a person has obesity if their body mass index is high.

Body mass index (BMI ) is a tool doctors use to assess whether a person is at the appropriate weight for their age, gender, and height. The measurement combines height and weight.

A BMI between 25 and 29.9 indicates that a person is carrying excess weight. A BMI of 30 or above indicates that a person may have obesity .

Other factors such as waist-to-hip size ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WtHR), and the amount and distribution of body fat also play a role in determining how healthy a person’s weight and weight are. has body shape.

If a person has obesity and excess weight, this can increase their risk of developing a range of health conditions, including metabolic syndrome, arthritis, and some types of cancer.

It includes a number of problems such as metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Maintaining a healthy weight or losing it through diet and exercise is one way to prevent or reduce obesity. In some cases, the person may need surgery.

Now read on to find out why obesity happens.

Consuming too many calories

When a person consumes more calories than they use for energy, their body stores the excess calories as fat. This can cause overweight and obesity. Also, certain types of food are more likely to lead to weight gain, especially those high in fat and sugar.

Foods that tend to increase the risk of weight gain include:

  • fast foods
  • fried foods, such as french fries
  • fatty and processed meats
  • many dairy products
  • Foods that contain added sugar, such as baked goods, instant breakfast cereals, and cookies
  • hidden sugar foods such as ketchup and many other canned and packaged food items
  • sugary juices, carbonated drinks, and alcoholic beverages
  • processed, high-carb foods such as bread and bagels
  • Some processed food products contain high fructose corn syrup as a sweetener, including salty products such as ketchup.

Eating too much of these foods and exercising too little can cause weight gain and obesity.

A person who consumes a diet consisting mostly of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and water is at risk of gaining excess weight if they overeat or if genetic factors, for example, increase the risk.

However, they are more likely to enjoy a varied diet while maintaining a healthy weight. Fresh foods and whole grains contain fiber that keeps the person feeling full for longer and promotes healthy digestion.

Leading a sedentary lifestyle

Many people lead a more sedentary lifestyle than their parents and grandparents.

Examples of sedentary habits include:

  • Working in an office instead of manual labor.
  • Playing computer games instead of doing physical activities outside.
  • Driving to places rather than walking or cycling.

The less a person moves, the fewer calories they burn.

Also, physical activity affects the way a person’s hormones work and hormones have an effect on how the body processes food.

Several studies have shown that physical activity can help keep insulin levels steady, and unbalanced insulin levels can lead to weight gain.

Researchers published in BMJ Open Sports and Exercise Medicine in a review of some studies identified a lifestyle that includes regular [physical activity] from difficult to maintaining designs as a key factor in 2017, while making full conclusions about health, including attention and insulin sensitivity. improve many aspects. “

Physical activity doesn’t have to be training in the gym. Physical work, walking or cycling, climbing stairs, and household chores contribute.

However, the type and intensity of the activity can affect the extent to which it benefits the body in the short and long term.

Not getting enough sleep

Studies have suggested that lack of sleep increases the risk of gaining weight and developing obesity.

Researchers reviewed the evidence for more than 28,000 children and 15,000 adults from 1977 to 2012 in the UK. In 2012, they concluded that sleep deprivation significantly increases the risk of obesity in both adults and children.

The changes affected children up to the age of 5.

The team suggested that insomnia can lead to obesity because it can lead to hormonal changes that increase appetite.

When a person does not sleep enough, his body produces ghrelin, a hormone that stimulates the appetite. At the same time, lack of sleep causes decreased production of leptin, a hormone that suppresses appetite.

Endocrine Disruptors

A team from the University of Barcelona published a study in the World Journal of Gastroenterology providing clues as to how the liquid fructose (a type of sugar) found in beverages can alter lipid energy metabolism and lead to fatty liver and metabolic syndrome.

Features of the metabolic syndrome include diabetes , cardiovascular disease, and high blood pressure. Obesity patients are more likely to have metabolic syndrome.

The scientists noted that after feeding the rats with 10 percent fructose solution for 14 days, their metabolism began to change.

Scientists believe there is a link between high fructose consumption and obesity and metabolic syndrome. Authorities expressed concern about the use of high fructose corn syrup to sweeten beverages and other food products.

Animal studies have found that when obesity occurs due to fructose consumption, there is also a close link with type 2 diabetes.

In 2018, researchers published the results of studies involving young mice. They also experienced metabolic changes, oxidative stress, and inflammation after consuming fructose syrup.

The researchers state that “increased fructose intake may be an important predictor of metabolic risk in young people.”

They want young people to change their diets to prevent these problems.

Avoiding high fructose corn syrup

Foods containing high fructose corn syrup include:

  • Carbonated drinks, energy drinks, and sports drinks
  • Sugar and ice cream
  • Coffee cream
  • Sauces and condiments, including salad dressings, ketchup, and barbecue sauce
  • Sugary foods, such as yoghurt, juices, and canned foods
  • Bread and other ready-made baked goods
  • Breakfast cereal, cereal sticks, and “energy” or “nutrition” bars

To reduce the intake of corn syrup and other additives:

  • Check labels before purchasing.
  • Choose sugar-free or less processed products, if possible.
  • Make salad dressings and cook other products at home.

Some foods contain other sweeteners, but these can also have negative effects.

Medications and Weight Gain

Some medications can also cause weight gain.

The results of a review and meta-analysis published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2015 found that certain medications caused people to gain weight for months.

  • Atypical antipsychotics, especially olanzapine, quetiapine and risperidone.
  • Anticonvulsants and mood stabilizers, and especially gabapentin.
  • Hypoglycemic drugs such as tolbutamide.
  • Glucocorticoids used to treat rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Some antidepressants.

However, some medications can cause weight loss. Anyone starting a new drug who is concerned about their weight should ask their doctor if the drug has any effect on their weight.

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