Obesity Surgery İzmir 2021

Obesity Surgery İzmir 2021
Obesity Surgery İzmir 2021
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Obesity surgery turkey is a common and preventable disease of clinical and public health importance. Most noncommunicable diseases are an important risk factor for the development of significant disability and premature death. There is currently a global obesity epidemic in all age groups and in both developed and developing countries . The increasing prevalence of obesity puts a heavy burden on healthcare utilization and costs. Weight loss is associated with significant health and economic benefits. Effective weight loss strategies include diet therapy, physical activity, and lifestyle modification. Drug therapy is reserved for obese or overweight patients who are associated with obesity-related risk factors or diseases. Population-wide prevention programs have greater potential to prevent the obesity epidemic and to be more cost-effective than clinic-based weight loss programs. Ghana is undergoing an economic and nutritional transformation and is experiencing an increase in the prevalence of obesity surgery turkey and obesity-related diseases, especially among women and urban residents. There is an urgent need for a national task force to address this outbreak and establish a national policy on noncommunicable diseases.

Obesity Disease

Obesity is a common but often underestimated clinical and public health condition in many countries of the world. The general acceptance by many societies as a sign of well-being or a symbol of high social status, and the denial by both healthcare professionals and the public as being a disease in itself have contributed to its misidentification and management. and the lack of effective public health strategies to tackle epidemic escalation.

Obesity is defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation in adipose tissue to the extent that health deteriorates 1. In absolute terms, the amount of excess fat and its distribution in the body – waist and trunk circumference (abdominal, central or android obesity surgery turkey) or around the body (gynoid obesity surgery turkey) – has significant health effects.

In general, obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) such as hypertension, stroke and coronary heart disease, and gallbladder disease, some cancers (endometrial, breast, prostate, colon) and gout, respiratory conditions, gastro-esophageal non-fatal conditions, including reflux disease, osteoarthritis, and infertility. Obesity surgery turkey also carries serious implications for psychosocial health, mainly due to social bias against obesity.

A central distribution of body fat is associated with a higher risk of morbidity and mortality than a more peripheral distribution . In addition, individuals with CVD risk factors such as T2DM, hypertension, and smoking are exposed to significant health risks at lower levels of obesity. Therefore, it is imperative that individuals who are overweight or obese be evaluated not only to determine the degree of adiposity, but also for body fat distribution and the presence of comorbid factors.

Epidemiology

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There is currently a global obesity epidemic in all age groups and in both developed and developing countries. In 1995, there were an estimated 200 million obese adults worldwide. As of 2000, the number of obese adults has grown to over 300 million. It is estimated that over 115 million people in developing countries suffer from obesity-related problems . A rapid increase in childhood obesity has also been reported.

Click Here For Information About The Causes Of Obesity In Children

Obesity is common among Ghanaian adults, especially among the elderly, women, and city dwellers. A recent survey involving two cities and one rural community in the Greater Accra region showed an overall raw prevalence of obesity (RDA ≥ 30 kg / m 2 20.2% for men and women respectively) and 4.6%. The age-standardized prevalence of adult obesity was 13.6%. Obesity increased with age and reached its peak in the 55-64 age group. Those living in the first-class residential area had higher BMI compared to subjects from lower-class suburbs. Urban residents had a higher BMI than rural subjects.

From the abundance of evidence, the global obesity epidemic has mainly resulted from societal factors promoting sedentary lifestyles and consumption of high-fat, energy-dense diets . While genes are important in determining a person’s susceptibility to weight gain , obesity in general occurs when energy intake from what is eaten and drunk exceeds energy expenditure over an extended period of time.

Obese children are more likely to grow into obese adults than their non-obese counterparts . Data from a number of studies provide solid evidence that children with growth retardation at birth are at increased risk of becoming obese later in life. This phenomenon, which refers to the fetal programming of adult obesity, particularly low body weight at birth, is a catch-up growth in life beyond intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). and when this obesity starts again, it is likely to occur in early childhood.

Once the obese condition is established, as yet not fully understood physiological processes keep the new weight at a certain level. Leptin, a protein hormone expressed predominantly by adipocytes, is believed to play an important role in this complex mechanism of weight maintenance. Leptin normally inhibits food intake by acting on receptors in the hypothalamus of the brain, counteracting the effects of potent nutritional stimulants such as neuropeptide Y, promoting a-MSH synthesis, an appetite suppressant. Obese individuals have higher leptin levels compared to their lean counterparts, suggesting a ‘leptin resistance’ rather than a deficiency in obese cases.

Rarely, it can be a symptom of other medical conditions such as obesity surgery turkey hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and certain hypothalamic disorders; this should be ruled out as much as possible for clinical reasons and sometimes by laboratory investigations before moving on to managing patients.

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