The gallbladder is an organ in the form of a sac attached to the lower face of the liver. The gallbladder stores bile, a yellow-green liquid produced in the liver during fasting. Stored bile
It empties into the intestine of two fingers. It helps the digestion of food, especially fatty foods, in the intestine.
Symptoms of gallbladder diseases may vary depending on the type and region of the disease. Gall bladder disease symptoms often manifests itself as pain in the abdomen and indigestion. The pain is felt in the upper right part of the abdomen and often reflects towards the back. As the pain may come and go in the form of cramps, it is continuous in inflammatory conditions and does not decrease in severity. In addition, nausea, vomiting, anorexia may be indigestion. There may be an increase in complaints after consumption of foods such as fatty foods, eggs and chocolate. Jaundice occurs when stones fall into the bile duct and cause obstruction in the bile duct. If there is still inflammation, fever can be detected.
Firstly, the examination is done. However, the basic diagnostic tool in gallbladder diseases is ultrasound. It provides information about the gallbladder, its contents and the liver. It also provides information about bile ducts. MRI can be used especially in cancer patients or patients with bile ducts problems. It is also used in Computed Tomography in cases of inflammation or cancer.
Gallstones (Cholelithiasis): Surgery is not necessary for gallstones if the patient has no complaints and there is no danger of the stones falling into the bile duct. However, patients who have problems such as stone-related inflammation and jaundice or patients with complaints such as nausea and indigestion should undergo surgery. Even if all these complaints are not present, if there are gallstones and living with this risk, surgery can be recommended. Because it is difficult to distinguish which complaint is related to gallstone and which one is due to other reasons. In addition, the surgery is performed closed, the patient can immediately stand up and return to work. Closed surgery (lapparoscopic cholecystectomy) should be preferred in treatment. In this way, the patient is discharged the next day, there is no pain, the possibility of wound inflammation and hernia is much less. Aesthetically much better results are obtained.
They are benign masses that occur on the inner surface of the gallbladder. They are usually detected incidentally during ultrasound. If the diameter is larger than 1 cm or if rapid growth is detected in a short time, surgery is recommended due to the cancer risk. The surgery is laparoscopic cholecystectomy as in gallstones.
Most bile cancers occur in bugs with gallstones and often in women. Therefore, complaints are not different from gallstones in the early period. The treatment of patients who are diagnosed early in routine controls gives very good results. While it is sufficient to remove only the gallbladder in the early period in the treatment, it is necessary to remove a part of the liver and clean the lymph nodes in the late period. Again, all of these procedures can be done laparoscopically.
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